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最佳减压妙法

来源: 时间:2008-03-14 13:46:20
  
  理想状态,则是有正好足够的压力让人集中精神;此外还得有一个发泄途径可以调节它以免其突然侵袭某人的生活。问题是很多所谓的减压物会导致更多的害处而非益处——尤其是当它们的程度就像压力一样不够适当之时。
  
  One of the most common and easiest stress relievers is alcohol. While many gourmets happily choose a vintage Bordeaux to accompany a fine meal, or a wedding may call for a glass or two of champagne, most people consume alcohol after work either as a way to unwind or as a social lubricant. Excessive consumption, of course, can lead to health and, in many cases, domestic problems. Similarly, to many people regardless of age or income, legal and illegal drugs as well as cigarettes are an all too prevalent and dangerous way of dealing with stress in the short term.
  
  最普通和最简单的压力缓和物之一是酒精。虽然许多老饕乐于选择极品波尔多来配一顿美餐或是一场值得用香槟庆祝的婚礼,然而大多数人在工作之余把贪杯作为一种放松之道或是某种社交润滑剂。过量饮酒当然会导致健康的问题,在很多情况下还会导致家庭问题。同样地,对很多人而言,无视年龄或收入、合法或非法的药物、还有香烟,都是对付眼前压力的极为普遍和危险的方法。
  
  Drinking and smoking to excess is not the only potentially harmful way of coping with stress. Many people also find relief in over-eating, trying to numb their anxiety with too much ice cream or smother it in cheese sauce.
  
  过量饮酒和吸烟并非是对抗压力时唯一可能有害的方法。很多人还用暴食减压,试着用过多的冰激凌来麻痹或靠起司酱来抑制他们的焦虑。
  
  That is not to say that the occasional drink is bad for you, nor is the odd cigar or slab of chocolate cake. Again, it is a question of moderation. If, at the end of a long day, a glass of decent Scotch or a good meal restores your equilibrium, go for it.
  那并不是说偶尔饮酒、少量的雪茄、或是一片巧克力蛋糕会对你有害。这是又一个有关适度的问题。假设漫长的一天过后,用一杯合宜的苏格兰威士忌或是一顿美餐让你恢复心情平和,何乐而不为呢。
  
  But there are more effective and more healthy methods for combating stress. One of the best ways is through meditation. Merrell suggests that his clients take two minutes to meditate by concentrating only on a single word during the most stressful time of the day--the morning, which, not coincidently, happens to be the same time of day that has the highest incidence of heart attacks.
  
  然而,还是有更有效及更健康的抗击压力之法。最好的方式之一是通过冥想。梅瑞尔医生建议他的客户在上午通过花2分钟全神贯注于一个单字来进行冥想,那是在一天中压力最大的时候,同时不巧也是一天之中心肌梗塞的高发时段。
  
  "When you wake up, you're trying to solve the stresses of the dream stage and then subconsciously being bombarded with real worry," he says. That's why it's important to meditate. When you're literally sitting there with no conscious thought, it's a powerful, peaceful state to be in, because it doesn't happen during the day naturally."
  
  “在你睡醒的时候,你正试图解决来自梦境的压力,并下意识地受到真实烦恼的冲击,”他说,“那就是冥想为何重要。因为当你无意识无思绪地坐着,能到达一个有效的、平静的状态,而那种状态在一天中并不会自然而然地产生。”
  
  Other doctors agree that meditation is a great way to combat daily stress, but also say learning any type of technique that relaxes the body and mind will reduce worry--which in the end, is the goal: learning to cope with stress by learning to manage the mind.
  
  其它的医生同意冥想是对抗日常压力的妙法,但也表示学习多种用于放松身体和情绪的技术将能减少烦恼,其最终的目标是:通过学会管理情绪,来学会克服压力。
  
  "One of the more common techniques I suggest is progressive relaxation," says Dr. Ernesto Randolfi, who runs a private business in stress-health promotion in Billings, Mont. "It involves contracting and relaxing muscles around your body so that people develop the ability to relax at will. It's a strategy that takes a lot of learning."
  
  “我提议较普遍的技巧之一是循序渐进的放松,”欧内斯图医生说道,他在美国蒙大拿州毕令兹运作一家发起有关压力与健康活动的私营企业。“它涉及收缩及松弛你全身的肌肉,以使人们能逐步提高放松自如的能力。这是一种难以学习的策略。”
  
  Keywords
  注释
  prom n. 正式舞会
  a nodding acquaintance 点头之交
  corner office 角落办公室(意指企业最高层人物的办公室)
  aggravation n. 加重;恶化
  cortisol n. 皮质醇;氰化可的松
  immune system 免疫系统
  gourmet n. 美食家,老饕
  vintage adj. 古老的;最佳的
  numb v. 麻痹
  smother v. 抑制;隐藏
  equilibrium n. 平衡;平静
  meditation n. 沉思;冥想
  subconsciously adv. 下意识地
  bombard vt. 轰击,冲击;碰撞
  contract v. 收缩
  
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