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普拉提:现代瑜迦

来源: 时间:2008-03-18 10:07:51
  普拉提(Pilates)是糅合东方和西方运动概念而成的。西方人一向着重于身体肌肉能力的训练,例如腰、腹、背、胸等;而东方人则侧重于呼吸和心灵集中的训练,也就是冥想,瑜伽和太极就是很好的例子。普拉提把东方的柔和西方的刚二者之长合二为一,它的动作缓慢而清楚,而每个姿势都必须和呼吸协调。
  
  
  普拉提运动已经在欧美流行了很多年,并且正在迅速地风靡全球。在美国,10年前仅有5000人练习普拉提,而这个队伍今天已经发展到了900万人。为什么这项运动会有如此之大的魅力呢?普拉提的训练方法适合任何年龄,可以被任何人使用,而不仅仅是运动员、演员或者是病人等等,特别适合缺少运动、长时间需要接触电脑和朝九晚五的上班族的人士。同时,普拉提不拘泥于某个健身场所,只要有一片安静的空间,有一块柔软的地毯,就可以进行练习,达到身体与意念的结合。
  
  普拉提运动不但改善了身体线条,还对矫正颈部和脊髓有良好的效果。普拉提动作比较轻柔,但效果却能深入身体的内部。通过普拉提的训练会发现少量的运动也能够达到很好的效果。因此,普拉提当之无愧地成为女性修身养性的新宠,让女人更加纤细、柔韧,让运动时尚艺苑中的风景更令人陶醉。
  Yoga
  Yoga is the best and most time-tested path to physical and mental well-being known to mankind. While some people think of Yoga simply as physical exercise, it is actually a complete system for overall health and well-being. It includes everything from physical postures, personal hygiene, and a healthy diet to premeditation, breathing, and relaxation techniques. The most advanced forms of meditation and self-realization are also a part of Yoga.
  
  Like many forms of exercise, Yoga effectively stretches and strengthens the body. However, Yoga’s greatest benefits come from its profound effects on the internal systems of the body. By bending, stretching, twisting, and flexing in the various postures, we bathe our internal organs with oxygenated blood and vitality. Yoga soothes and tones the nerves and regulates the endocrine system, which is responsible for the production of hormones—one of the keys to both physical and mental health. Yoga improves digestion and elimination, it strengthens the respiratory system, and, most importantly, Yoga is extremely effective in relieving stress—the plague of modern society.
  
  Pilates
  Pilates is a modern version of the ancient movements found in Yoga. From hundreds of poses, a man named Joseph Pilates created a basic system of 34 exercises which can be reduced to something less if we're counting, yet richer if we see its depth. Yes, each Yoga posture has great meaning as does its Pilates counterpart. We boast hundreds, even thousands of movements, but the simple truth is, we only need to know three real functions: movement toward and away from centre and rotation around it. And that's the truth in both Yoga and Pilates practices.
  
  Like Yoga, Pilates addresses the energetic and contracted states found in many people who sit at a desk or behind a wheel 40 plus hours each week. With simple ideas of form and postural principles, it will align the spine and open energy channels. It teaches awareness and centering, flexibility and mobility. It is a system of linked exercises which are also beneficial autonomously. Unlike Yoga, Pilates is always in motion (the movements are isotonic and isokinetic, with a focus on suspension within the movement, whereas Yoga is about holding the poses) and is often broken down into biomechanical pieces for a new student. Pilates places equal importance on stabilizing the body to create mobility in another. Like Yoga, all movements are executed with a focus on breath and alignment. Unlike Yoga, the spiritual dimension is missing.
  
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