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群雄逐鹿动画世界

来源: 时间:2008-03-10 17:34:58
  
  Pixar animated films released by Disney
  l Toy Story (1995)
  l A Bug's Life (1998)
  l Toy Story 2 (1999)
  l Monsters, Inc. (2001)
  l Finding Nemo (2003)
  l The Incredibles (2004)
  l Cars (2006)
  l Ratatouille (2007)
  l Toy Story 3 (2008)
  III. Walt Disney Feature Animation沃特·迪斯尼动画公司
  世界上第一家把动画搬上银幕的电影公司——迪斯尼兄弟动画片制作公司于1923年10月16日在那里正式成立。沃尔特.迪斯尼以40美元起家,为人类开创了“动画世界”,“迪斯尼”这个“儿童娱乐王国”从此经久不衰:拥有米老鼠、唐老鸦等家喻户晓的卡通动画角色,儿童影视娱乐产品风靡全球,游乐园步入欧亚,专卖店每天吸引2.5亿顾客。去年该公司盈利250多亿美元,总资产超过436亿美元。
  
  动画帝国迪斯尼曾经有过好几个黄金时代,但自从1995年皮克斯动画工作室(Pixar)的《玩具总动员》宣告了3D动画的光辉前景之后,迪斯尼就很难从手绘二维动画向电脑三维动画过渡。因此过去12年里,迪斯尼和皮克斯始终紧密合作。而在2006年1月23日,美国第二大媒体巨头、迪斯尼公司董事会授权CEO罗伯特·伊格(Robert Iger)以74亿美元的赠股方式收购了皮克斯。迪斯尼一直代表着二维平面角色动画的颠峰,Pixar则是三维角色动画影片的领军者,这是否意味着迪斯尼的新一轮黄金时代即将来临呢?
  
  Walt Disney Feature Animation (WDFA) is the animation studio that makes up a key element of The Walt Disney Company. The Feature Animation studio was an integrated part of Walt Disney Productions from 1934 (the start of production on Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs) until 1986, when, during the corporate restructuring to create The Walt Disney Company, it officially became a subsidiary of the company. It is headquartered in Burbank, California, across the street from the original Walt Disney Studios in a specialized building that was completed in 1995. Satellite studios once existed at Disney-MGM Studios in Lake Buena Vista, Florida (1989–2003) and the site of what is now the Walt Disney Studios Paris (1995–2002), but those studios were closed in an effort to revive lagging profits by restructuring and recentralizing the division to produce fully computer-animated features solely in Burbank. From 1985 until his resignation in November 2003, WDFA was officially headed by Chairman Roy E. Disney, who exercised much influence within the division. Most decisions, however, were made by the WDFA President, who officially reported to Disney but who in practice also reported to the head of the Disney studios and Disney chief Michael Eisner.
  
  Walt Disney began the move into features in 1934, pulling selected animators away from the short subjects division that had previously been the whole of Walt Disney Productions. The result was the first animated feature in English and Technicolor, Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs. Snow White became an unprecedented success when it was released to theatres in February 1938, and it and many of the subsequent feature productions became film classics. Following the success of the features, Disney expanded his company's operations, moving into live-action features, television, and theme parks. Besides successes like Snow White, Dumbo, and Cinderella, Disney also had the Feature Animation staff create experimental and stylized films such as Fantasia and Sleeping Beauty, which sustained losses and did not recoup their costs until decades after their original releases.
  
  In January 2006, Disney purchased Pixar and began plans to merge Pixar's studio with WDFA. The collective works of both WDFA and Pixar from 2006 will be overseen by former Pixar president Ed Catmull and Walt Disney Studios head Dick Cook.
  
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