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群雄逐鹿动画世界

来源: 时间:2008-03-10 17:34:58
  
  The Feature Animation studio is noted for creating a number of now-standard innovations in the animation industry, including:
  l the multiplane camera (for Snow White, but first used in the Academy-award winning short "The Old Mill")
  l the realistic animation of special effects and human characters (for Snow White)
  l advanced composition processes to combine live-action and animated elements using color film (for The Three Caballeros)
  l the use of xerography in animation to transfer drawings to cels as opposed to ink-tracing (developed for One Hundred and One Dalmatians, but first used in the Academy-award nominated short Goliath II)
  
  Among its significant achievements are:
  l the first major motion picture in stereophonic sound (Fantasia)
  l the first large format animated film (the 70mm Sleeping Beauty)
  l the first film to be shot using Disney's CAPS (Computer Animation Production System) all-digital process (The Rescuers Down Under)
  l the first animated feature to be nominated for the Academy Award for Best Picture (Beauty and the Beast),
  l the highest-grossing traditionally animated feature of all time (The Lion King).
  
  IV. Blue Sky Studios 蓝天工作室
  
  若干年前,20 世纪福克斯电影公司(20th Century Fox)动画电影制作部门陷入麻烦之中。关于一位俄罗斯公主的黑白影片《真假公主》(Anastasia)在美国市场只赚了 5,800 万美元的票房收入──远不及迪斯尼的票房收入。但是福克斯找到了蓝天工作室,由其带领重返龙蟠虎踞的卡通电影市场。
  
  克里斯·韦奇(Chris Wedge)在 1987 年与人联合创建了蓝天工作室,1998 年他因为动画短剧《兔八哥》(Bunny)获得奥斯卡奖,得到人们的赞许。福克斯起用他制作标淮长度的动画影片《冰河世纪》(Ice Age);它净赚了 1.73 亿美元。福克斯通过旗下的蓝天工作室,向迪斯尼制作动画的合作伙伴皮克斯公司(Pixar)挑战。
  
  Blue Sky Studios is an Academy Award winning computer animation studio which specializes in photo-realistic, high-resolution, computer-generated character animation. In addition to their feature-length animated films, Robots (2005) and Ice Age (2002), they have worked on many high-profile movies, primarily in the integration of live-action with computer-generated animation.
  
  The company was founded in 1987 and has its offices in White Plains, New York. Since 1997 it has been a unit of 20th Century Fox (a subsidiary of News Corporation).
  
  Their next film, Ice Age 2: The Meltdown, is scheduled for a U.S. release on March 31, 2006.
  
  With the success of Ice Age and Robots, the studio has put itself on the map as a respected animation company. And, by much acclaim, has put them in competition with animation giants Pixar and DreamWorks Animation SKG.
  
  Feature-length animations:
  l Horton Hears A Who (2008)
  l Ice Age 2: The Meltdown (2006)
  l Robots (2005)
  l Ice Age (2002)
  V. Aardman Animations 阿曼动画工作室
  英国的“阿曼动画公司”(Aardman Animations)以其别具一格的黏土动画片跻身于世界一流动画公司的行列。该公司导演Nick Park制作的纯黏土动画片《动物悟语》(Creature Comforts)、《错误的裤子》和《间不容发》获得三次奥斯卡最佳动画短片奖。而他导演的《无敌掌门狗》(Wallace & Gromit)系列动画片在英国家喻户晓,其声望绝对可以与米老鼠并驾齐驱,衍生产品不计其数。
  
  2000年,斯皮尔伯格的“梦工厂”为该公司投资,推出了一部纯黏土动画长片《小鸡快跑》(Chicken Run)。
  
  Aardman Animations is a British stop motion animation studio founded by Peter Lord and David Sproxton in 1972. Nick Park joined Aardman in 1986, bringing his creations Wallace and Gromit with him. The company is based in Bristol and is the centre of a sizeable animation and film special effects industry in the City. Because of the company's base characters with faint west country accents are also a feature.
  
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