院校推荐:北外外经贸外交中传媒北师大北大中财人大北二外北航上交大上财大泰尔弗华师大

自然主义诗人作家:亨利·梭罗

来源:发布时间:2008-03-14 13:46:14

育路出国留学咨询

帮助希望计划出国留学者实现他们的出国深造梦想

在线咨询
  19世纪美国最具世界影响力的自然作家、哲学家之一亨利·梭罗(1817-1862),所著《瓦尔登湖》一书一百五十多年来风行天下,到目前为止,此书已经出现了将近两百多个版本,并被译成许多国家的文字。他强调亲近自然、学习自然、热爱自然,追求“简单些,再简单些”的质朴生活,提倡短暂人生因思想丰盈而臻于完美。《瓦尔登湖》影响了好几代人,它呼唤着自然的、简单的、和谐的、精神自由的生活,在全世界掀起了自然生活之风。在工业化日渐让人们远离自然家园的今天,《瓦尔登湖》仍不失为一本教导人愉快而简单生活的实用手册,而亨利·梭罗所倡导的回归自然的生活方式仍能唤起人们对返璞归真、体验自然的向往。
  
  Go confidently in the direction of your dreams. Live the life you have imagined.
  - Henry David Thoreau
  
  
  Brief 简介
  Henry David Thoreau was an American author, naturalist, transcendentalist, pacifist, tax resister and philosopher who is famous for Walden, on simple living amongst nature, and Civil Disobedience, on resistance to civil government and among 22 other books that Thoreau published. He was a lifelong abolitionist, delivering lectures that attacked the Fugitive Slave Law while praising the writings of Wendell Phillips and defending the abolitionist John Brown. Among his lasting contributions were his writings on natural history and philosophy, where he anticipated the methods and findings of ecology and environmental history, two sources of modern day environmentalism.
  
  亨利·戴维·梭罗是一名美国作家、自然主义者、超验主义者、和平主义者、抗税者以及哲学家。他因《瓦尔登湖》、《论公民的不服从》以及其它所出版的22本书籍而成名,《瓦尔登湖》涉及在大自然中的简朴生活,《论公民的不服从》是对公民政府的反抗。他毕生都是废奴主义者,授课赞扬温德尔·菲利普斯的作品并为废奴主义者约翰·布朗辩护,同时抨击逃奴法案。在他最后的稿件——对自然史和哲学的著述中,他预见到了生态学以及环境史的规律和发现,那是当代环境保护论的两个出处。
  
  Life and Work生活与工作
  He was born in Concord, Massachusetts, and studied at Harvard between 1833 and 1837, majoring in English. Today, an equivalent degree would be in comparative literature. Legends state that Thoreau refused to pay a five-dollar fee for a Harvard diploma. In fact, the Masters' degree he declined to purchase had no academic merit: Harvard College offered it to graduates “who proved their physical worth by being alive three years after graduating, and their saving, earning, or inheriting quality or condition by having Five Dollars to give the college.” His comment was Let every sheep keep its own skin.
  他出生于马萨诸塞州的康科德,并在1833至1837年间就读于哈佛,主修英语。相当于今天的比较文学专业。传闻梭罗拒绝为哈佛的文凭支付五美元的费用。事实上,他拒绝购买的硕士学位并无学术价值:哈佛学院向“那些能通过毕业三年后还活着来证明其实际的价值,同时他们的储蓄、收入、所承袭的财产或是社会地位使之能向学院支付五美元。”的毕业生们提供此学位。而他对此的评论是“让每个人都能有不同的个性”。
  
  Of the esteemed authors who made their home at Concord, he was the only town native. His many close acquaintances included Ellery Channing, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Margaret Fuller, Bronson Alcott, and Nathaniel Hawthorne and his son Julian (at that time only a boy). When Margaret Fuller and her family died in an 1850 shipwreck off Fire Island, Emerson sent Thoreau there to search for remains, later described in his book Cape Cod.
  
  在那些备受尊重并安家落户于康科德的作家之中,他是唯一的当地人。他很多的密友中包括了埃勒里·钱宁、拉尔夫·沃尔多·爱默、玛格丽特·福勒、布朗森·奥尔科特、纳撒尼尔·霍桑以及他的儿子朱利安(当时只是个男童)。1850年,玛格丽特·福勒及其家人在火烧岛海难中罹难,爱默生派梭罗去搜寻遗体,这些稍后被记述在梭罗的《科德角》一书中。
  
  As Alcott noted in his journal, Thoreau pronounced his family name THOR-eau, stress on the first syllable, not the last, a common error today. A Concord variant is THUR-eau, like the English word "thorough." In appearance he was homely, with a nose that he called "my most prominent feature," again in Cape Cod. Of his face, Nathaniel Hawthorne wrote: "[Thoreau] is as ugly as sin, long-nosed, queer-mouthed, and with uncouth and rustic, though courteous manners, corresponding very well with such an exterior. But his ugliness is of an honest and agreeable fashion, and becomes him much better than beauty."
  
  • 美国留学
  • 英国留学
  • 澳大利亚留学
  • 加拿大留学
  • 亚洲留学
  • 欧洲留学
项目名称
合作院校
招生对象
在线报名
北师大匹兹堡大学定向班 美国匹兹堡大学 高二毕业或高中毕业的学生
北大美国本科留学预科班 加州大学伯克利分校等 高二毕业或高中毕业的学生
美国伊利诺伊大学2+3本硕连读 美国伊利诺伊大学/td> 高二毕业或高中毕业的学生
北航美国2+2转学分项目 旧金山州立大学等 高二毕业或高中毕业的学生
山东大学留学预科 美国东北大学等 高二毕业或高中毕业的学生
广东财经大学留学预科 圣地亚哥大学等 高二毕业或高中毕业的学生
纠错

我要收藏】 【进入社区

育路版权与免责声明

①凡本网注明稿件来源为"原创"的所有文字、图片和音视频稿件,版权均属本网所有。任何媒体、网站或个人转载、链接转贴或以其他方式复制发表时必须注明"稿件来源:育路网",违者本网将依法追究责任;

②本网部分稿件来源于网络,任何单位或个人认为育路网发布的内容可能涉嫌侵犯其合法权益,应该及时向育路网书面反馈,并提供身份证明、权属证明及详细侵权情况证明,育路网在收到上述法律文件后,将会尽快移除被控侵权内容。

出国留学网站地图

留学专题推荐

更多>>

留学热点 北京外国语大学2+2留学

北京外国语大学2+2留学

北京外国语大学2+2留学旨在培养具有过硬外语水平,熟悉中西方文化与现代商业环境,具有较强综合素质的国际化人才。....[详细]

游学交流

进入论坛