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提高托福成绩最权威的建议

来源:考试大发布时间:2009-07-13 13:28:46

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不少网友在进行模考或练习后,看到已有的成绩不知下一步如何进行。

ETS 对托福考试和TOP成绩有评分标准和对能力的评价,其实,ETS另外还有针对不同层次的考生提出了提高的建议(不是评分表后面的)。

对每一个考试科目,分高中低几个档次提出建议,给出了不同的关注点,大家可以参考。

阅读篇

HIGH (22 – 30)对高分者的建议

Read as much and as often as possible.Make sure to include academic texts on a variety of topics written in different genres and with different degrees of conceptual density as part of your reading.

增加阅读的难度和种类

■ Read major newspapers, such as The New York Times or Science Times, and websites (National Public Radio [NPR] or the BBC).

阅读大量新闻

■ Write summaries of texts, making sure they incorporate the organizational pattern of the originals.

编写文章摘要

Continually expand your vocabulary. Continually practice using new words you encounter in your reading. This will help you remember both the meaning and correct usage of the new words.

扩大词汇并反复熟练运用

INTERMEDIATE (15–21)对阅读中等的建议

Read as much and as often as possible.Study the organization of academic texts and overall structure of reading passages. Read an entire passage from beginning to end.

■ Pay attention to the relationship between the main ideas and the supporting details.

注意主旨和细节的关系

■ Outline the text to test your understanding of the structure of the reading passage.

理解文章的组织结构

■ Write a summary of the entire passage.

写摘要

■ If the text is a comparison, be sure that your summary reflects that.If the text argues two points of view, be sure both points of view are reflected in your summary. Continually expand your vocabulary by developing a system for recording unfamiliar words.

■ Group words according to topic or meaning and study the words as a list of related words.

■ Study roots, prefixes and suffixes; study word families.

词根词缀

■ Use available vocabulary resources, such as a good thesaurus or a dictionary of collocations (words commonly used together).

词汇搭配

LOW (0 – 14)对阅读低分的建议

Read as much and as often as possible.Develop a system for recording unfamiliar words.

■ Group words into lists according to topic or meaning and review and study the words on a regular basis so that you remember them.

■ Increase your vocabulary by analyzing word parts; study roots,prefixes and suffixes; study word families.Study the organization of academic texts and overall structure of a reading passage. Read an entire passage from beginning to end.

■ Look at connections between sentences; look at how the end of one sentence relates to the beginning of the next sentence.

■ Look for the main ideas and supporting details and pay attention to the relationship between them.

■ Outline a text to test your understanding of the structure of a reading passage.

 Begin by grouping paragraphs that address the same concept.

Write one sentence summarizing the paragraphs that discuss the same idea.

Write a summary of the entire passage.

听力篇

HIGH (22 – 30)对听力高分的建议

Further develop your listening ability with daily practice in listening in English and by challenging yourself with increasingly lengthy listening selections and more complex listening material.

■ Listen to different kinds of materials on a va口语Speaking About Campus Situations

GOOD (3.5 – 4.0)

Look for opportunities to build your fl uency in English.

■ Take risks and engage others in conversation in English whenever possible.

■ Join an Internet chat room.

FAIR (2.5 – 3.0)

Practice speaking English about everyday topics that are important to students’ lives. This will develop your fl uency and confidence.

■ Find a speaking partner. Set aside time each week to practice speaking with your partner in English.

■ If you can’t find a native English speaker,find a friend who wants to practice speaking English and promise to speak only English for a certain period of time.

■ Read articles from campus newspapers that can be found on the Internet. Discuss the articles with a speaking partner or friend. Practice summarizing the articles and expressing your opinions about the articles.

LEVEL

LIMITED (1.5 – 2.0)

Develop friendships with people who want to speak English with you. Interaction with others will improve your speaking ability. If you can’t fi nd a native speaker, fi nd a friend who wants to practice speaking English and promise to speak only English for a certain period of time.

WEAK (0 – 1.0)

Take a conversation class. This will help improve your fl uency and pronunciation in English.  

口语Speaking About Academic Course Content

GOOD (3.5 – 4.0)

Record yourself and then listen and transcribe what you said.

■ Read a short article from a newspaper or textbook. Record yourself summarizing the article.

■ Transcribe the recording and review the transcription. Think about other ways to say the same thing.

FAIR (2.5 – 3.0)

Practice speaking for a limited time on different academic topics.

■ Read a short article from a newspaper or a textbook. Write down key content words from the article.

■ Write down 2 or 3 questions about the article that include the content words.

■ Practice answering the questions aloud.Try to include the content words in your response.

■ After practicing, record your answers to the questions.

LIMITED (1.5 – 2.0)

Practice speaking about current events.

■ Read newspaper articles, editorials and cultural events in English. Share the information that you read with a friend in English.

■ Visit a university class and take notes in the class. Then use your notes to tell a friend about some of the information you heard in English.

■ Develop your academic vocabulary. Write down important new words that you come across while reading or listening and practice pronouncing them.

■ Listen to a weather report and take notes on what you heard. Then give the weather report to a friend in English.

WEAK (0 – 1.0)

Increase your vocabulary and improve your grammar in your speech.

■ Study basic grammar rules so that your speech is grammatically correct.

■ As you learn new words and expressions,practice pronouncing them clearly. Record yourself as you practice.

小作文的建议

GOOD (4.0 – 5.0)

Continue to improve your ability to relate and convey information from two or more sources. For example, practice analyzing reading passages in English.

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