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滑板运动——年轻无极限

来源:发布时间:2008-03-11 18:05:14

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  50年代中后期,因太平洋的浪潮涨退有时间性,所以在没有“冲浪”的期间非常无聊,于是美国南加州海滩社区的冲浪好手们发明了世界上第一块滑板——一块50*10*50CM的木板固定在轮滑的轮子上。“冲浪”本身是美国运动爱好者的宠物,英文surfing。由于这种新发明的“滑板运动”颇类似“滑冰”skating,所以称之为skurfing(是skating和surfing的混合产物)。另一方面,“冲浪”游戏用的“冲浪板”已被称为surfboard,故此滑板便被称作skateboard了。滑板是冲浪运动在陆地上的延伸。前者受地理和气候的限制,而后者则有更大的自由度。
  
  滑板运动以滑行为特色,崇尚自由的运动方式,体验与创造超重力的感受,给滑者带来成功和创造的喜悦。这样一个简单的运动器械,却因为它能给人们带来和冲浪相同的感受,开始受人瞩目。滑板运动也是极限运动中最具代表性与个性魅力的项目之一,当然也最为流行。现在的滑板玩家已形成一个大团体,他们拥有自己的语言、技巧、衣饰风格和音乐爱好,形成了新生的、以城市为主导的滑板次生文化,而这一切正好完全符合青少年心中对于休闲运动的定义。随着极限运动的推广普及,越来越多的青年加入号称“极限至尊”的滑板运动中来。
  
  
  Skateboarding is the act of rolling on or interacting with a skateboard. Someone who skateboards is a skater (or skateboarder), though the skater may also refer to someone ice skating or roller skating.
  
  Like roller skating, skateboarding is often done for recreation and as a sport, but, more often than ice skating, it is a method of transportation. Skateboarding has been thought of by many as part of the extreme sports family, or as an artform for its creative aspects. Skateboarding has been shaped and influenced by dozens of skateboarders throughout the years.
  
  History of the Skateboard 滑板历史
  Skateboarding has its origins in surfing, and was originally called "sidewalk surfing". While surfing influenced skateboarding in its early days, now the reverse is also true.
  
  The first type of skateboards were actually more like scooters. These contraptions, which date back to the early 1900's featured roller skate wheels attached to a two by four. Often the wood had a milk crate nailed to it with handles sticking out for control. Over the next five decades kids changed the look of the scooter and took off the crate and started cruising on two by fours with steel wheels. Tens of thousands of rollerskates were dismantled and joyfully hammered on to planks of wood.
  
  In the 1950's modifications were made to the trucks (the device that hold the wheels) and kids started to maneuver more easily. Towards the late 1950's, surfing became increasingly popular and people began to tie surfing together with cruising on a board. By 1959, the first Roller Derby Skateboard was for sale. Clay wheels entered the picture and sidewalk surfing began to take root.
  
  By the time the 1960's roll around, skateboarding had gained an impressive following amongst the surf crowd. However, when Larry Stevenson, publisher of Surf Guide begins to promote skateboarding, things started to take off. Larry's company, Makaha designed the first professional boards in 1963 and a team was formed to promote the product.
  
  The first skateboard contest was held at the Pier Avenue Junior School in Hermosa, California in 1963. In 1964, surf legend Hobie Alter teamed up with the Vita Pakt juice company to create Hobie Skateboards. While most skaters took to the street or sidewalk, some brave souls decide to ride empty swimming pools. By 1965, international contests, movies (Skater Dater), a magazine (The Quarterly Skateboarder) and cross country trips by teams of skateboarders elevated the sport to enormous heights. Over fifty million boards were sold within a three year period and then all of a sudden skateboarding died in the fall of 1965.
  
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