院校推荐:北外外经贸外交中传媒北师大北大中财人大北二外北航上交大上财大泰尔弗华师大

四月,在阳光下聆听——巴萨诺瓦

来源:发布时间:2008-03-14 13:45:53

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  兴起于50年代后期的Bossa Nova乐风,原本流传于巴西的中上层社会。它由作曲家 ANTONIO CARLOS JOBIM(安东尼奥·卡洛斯·乔宾)将巴西音乐节奏与美国西岸 COOL JAZZ(冷调爵士)混合而成,柔和浪漫和慵懒舒缓是其特色。它的节拍里融合了桑巴舞曲与爵士风格,歌曲背景大多关于阳光、海洋、沙滩,洋溢着热带岛屿的绚烂情趣,让忙碌的人们产生一种对异国情境和轻松心情的向往,而很多歌手随性、恣意,同时充满了享受生活情调的演绎方式更是轻易地卸下听者的心防,让人们尽情倘佯在一种用音乐陶醉生活的气氛之中。随着潮流的转变,Bossa Nova音乐中的温暖与悠闲特质逐渐与时尚融合,兼具了为浪漫加温,同时也能放慢生活步调的听觉选择。
  
  What's the latest music trend that seems to appeal to every demographic under the sun, from rappers to hipsters, from teenyboppers to baby boomers?
  
  Would you believe... bossa nova?
  
  That's right: The easygoing Brazilian music that first gained popularity in the United States in the early 1960s is back. In recent decades, the slinky, shuffling rhythms of bossa nova have been about as popular as lava lamps, but the record industry is suddenly marketing the sound to listeners young and old.
  
  Bossa nova is one of the most popular musical genres in the world. Songs such as "The Girl from Ipanema" (the fifth most frequently played song in the world), "The Waters of March," and "Desafinado" are known around the world. Bossa Nova - a number-one bestseller when originally published in Brazil as Chega de Saudade - is a definitive history of this seductive music. Based on extensive interviews with Antonio Carlos Jobim, Joao Gilberto, and all the major musicians and their friends, Bossa Nova explains how a handful of Rio de Janeiro teenagers changed the face of popular culture around the world.
  
  Origins and history 起源和历史
  Created in Brazil in the late 1950s during a period of political change and economical growth, bossa nova has been often described as the music of the Brazilian middle and upper classes. This music style originated in the wealthy neighborhoods that sprouted along the beaches of the city of Rio de Janeiro and both its music and lyrics were composed by middle and upper-class musicians and marketed to the same economic group. For this reason, bossa nova was criticized by some for emphasizing a carefree way of living that little resembled the life of most Brazilians, the great majority of which belonged to the working class.
  
  Indeed, bossa nova compositions often spoke of love, the beach, and beautiful women and seemed to be a depiction of the author’s bohemian life rather than a tale of Brazilians’ daily struggles as usually happened with samba, a music genre popular among the working class. The music derives from the samba but is more complex harmonically and less percussive. The genre is highly influenced by cool jazz and became massively popular in Brazil and elsewhere in Latin America, though its international success was limited to brief periods of popularity such as after the release of the film Black Orpheus and with Stan Getz's releases in the 1960s.
  
  “The Girl from Ipanema,” which became popular outside of Brazil both in its original Portuguese form and in translation, is a perfect example of the uncommitted quality of bossa nova songs. “The Girl from Ipanema” is nothing more than the composer’s description of a woman walking down towards the beach, the sweet way in which she moves and how beautiful she is, culminating with the author’s statement that she’s the most beautiful thing he’s ever seen go by. The music that accompanied the first wave of bossa nova lyrics, while unique, used the same altered chords found in jazz music combined with the drum beat characteristic of samba.
  
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